A number of the Member States’ prisons and correction services are in need of improvement. In order to increase the effectiveness and capacity of correction services and prisons for improved security in the region SADC is taking a co-operative approach.
Co-operation on correction and prison affairs was brought about by the Johannesburg Declaration on SADC Regional Correctional Co-operation of July 2003 which resulted in the bringing of correctional services and prisons into the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation in 2006. Since then a Prisons Sub Committee has been established to discuss common regional approaches to harmonising and transforming corrections and prison services, involvement in peace keeping, addressing HIV and AIDS, and an integrated management information system for the entire SADC Region.
In line with the goals of the Prisons Sub Committee, SADC delegates met in July, 2012 to draft a training manual for the region's correctional service officers. The new training manual will bring together existing manuals and apply the most current and proven training methods.
Three of the four public security objectives in the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ on Politics,Defence and Security Cooperation are aimed at prisons and correctional services. The first objective, “to promote public safety and security”, deals with prison overcrowding. The second objective, “to promote regional coordination”, deals with transferring state prisoners between states. The third objective aims to build peacekeeping capacity in prison officers.
Related to correctional services and prisons Member States have signed the Protocol for Extradition agreeing to extradite any person within its jurisdiction who is wanted for prosecution or the imposition or enforcement of a sentence in the Requesting State for an extraditable offence. Furthermore the Protocol for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters commits Member States to provide each other with the widest possible measure of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters.
- Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
- Protocol for Extradition
- Protocol for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters