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  • Politics, Defence & Security

    The SADC Declaration and the Treaty define the SADC Vision as that of a SHARED FUTURE in an environment of peace, security and stability, regional cooperation and integration based on equity, mutual benefit and solidarity. In addition to the SADC Treaty, SADC is committed to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the Constitutive Act of the African Union, and the Protocol Establishing the Peace and Security Council of the African Union.

    In order to achieve a shared future and its commitments to international charters and protocols, SADC Heads of State and Government established the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation in June 1996. In 2001, Member States signed the Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation. In 2004, the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO) was established as an enabling instrument for the implementation of the goals and objectives outlined in the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) and the Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation. The first version of the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ covered 2004-2009. The updated revision- The Harmonised Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO II)- covers the period 2010-2015.

    Despite a number of successes in the area of politics, defence and security in recent years, SADC continues to face a number of political, economic and social challenges, primarily:

    • Economic underdevelopment and poverty;
    • The HIV and AIDS pandemic;
    • Inter and intra state conflicts;
    • Consolidation of democracy and good governance;
    • Refugees, irregular movers, illegal migrants and internally displaced persons;
    • The need to redress imbalances in the accessibility to natural resources and wealth;
    • The demobilisation, disarmament, reintegration and monitoring of ex-combatants;
    • The development and consolidation of regional disaster management mechanisms; and
    • Corruption.

    The existing strategies and plans in place to achieve SADC’s goals related to politics, defence and security in the region are discussed under the major Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO II) headings as follows:

    • Politics and Diplomacy

      SADC Member States are committed to maintaining good political, economic and corporate governance entrenched in a culture of democracy, full participation by civil society, transparency and respect for the rule of law.

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    • Defence

      The need for peace and security, and economic and social development through regional integration are the reasons that the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1992.

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    • Police (SARPCCO)

      The Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO) is the primary force in Southern Africa for the prevention and fighting of cross-border crime.

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    • State Security

      Cooperation in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts within and between states is essential for an environment of peace, security and stability in the region.

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    • Public Security

      Ensures services, in law enforcement, public safety, correctional/prison, immigration, parks and wildlife, customs and refugees.

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    • Regional Peacekeeping

      SADC countries are active contributors in United Nations and African Union peace support operations with contributions ranging from military observers, civilian police and the "blue helmets". 

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