Given the need to anticipate consequences of the ever growing security challenges, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) saw the need to establish a Regional Early Warning System integrating inputs from National Early Warning Centres (NEWCs) and the Regional Early Warning Centre (REWC).
It is in this context that, on the recommendation of the Inter-State Defence and Security Committee (ISDSC), and realising the political and financial implications of the exercise, the Ministerial Committee of the Organ (MCO) at its meeting held in July 2003 in Maputo, Republic of Mozambique directed the Inter-State Defence and Security Committee to initiate the establishment of the Regional Early Warning System.
The principles underlying the concept of the Regional Early Warning System and its operationalisation was realised through assigning a team of experts to work on the planning and the physical establishment of the system. It also approved the requirements, composition and terms of reference for the team of experts.
The mandate and approval for the establishment of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Regional Early Warning Centre (REWC) is derived from the Strategic Indicative Plan of the Organ (SIPO) on Peace, Security and Defence.
The Ministerial Committee of the Organ (MCO) at its meeting held in July 2004, in South Africa, mandated the Troika of the Organ to initiate the establishment of the Regional Early Warning Centre in two phases. Phase I, which dealt with the concept, the structure, working system, administrative and financial issues and Phase II which focused on the operationalisation of the Centre.
Objective of the Regional Early warning Centre
The overall objective of the SADC Regional Early Warning Centre (REWC) is to strengthen the SADC mechanisms for conflict prevention, management and resolution in line with the provisions of the Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation and Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ.
Functions of the Regional Early Warning Centre
Some of the main functions of the Regional Early Warning Centre are to:
- Compile strategic assessment and analysis of data collected at regional level;
- Share information on major issues posing threat to the security and stability of the region; and
- Propose ways and means for preventing, combating and managing such threats.
Launching of the Regional Early Warning Centre
The Regional Early Warning Centre was officially launched on 12 July 2010, by His Excellence Armando Emilio Guebuza, the President of the Republic of Mozambique and then Chairperson of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation. Also present were other members of the Troika; His Majesty King Mswati III of the Kingdom of Swaziland, the then out-going Chairperson of the Organ; and Honourable Mkondo D. Lungu, Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Zambia, the Representative of the then incoming Chairperson of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation. Members of Diplomatic Corps accredited to the Republic of Botswana were also in attendance.
Contact of the Regional Early Warning Centre
Regional Early Warning Centre
CBD Square Plot 54385
Tel: +267 3951863 ext 1093
Fax: +267 397 2184