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    • Protocol on the Tribunal and Rules thereof (2000)

      Entry Into Force: 2011-08-14

      Date Signed: 2000-08-07

      Type: Protocols


      Through its inception, the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community established a Tribunal to ensure and adjudicate on legal aspects of SADC regulations. To clarify details of the Tribunal’s process and functions, SADC passed the Protocol on Tribunal on 7th August 2000.

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    • Protocol on Legal Affairs (2000)

      Entry Into Force: 2006-09-01

      Date Signed: 2000-08-07

      Type: Protocols


      To perform their functions, effectively, SADC and its institutions require constant legal support and advice by a legal sector. To satisfy this need the Legal Affairs unit within the SADC Secretariat was formed. The SADC Protocol on Legal Affairs guides the work of the Legal Affairs Unit.

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    • Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourses (2000)

      Date Signed: 2000-08-07

      Type: Documents & Publications, Protocols

      Themes: Infrastructure, Water & Sanitation, Natural Resources, Water


      As much of Southern Africa relies on agriculture for its subsistence, water is of special concern for SADC. Many watercourses in the region are shared among several Member States, a situation that demands their development in an environmentally sound manner. To this end, SADC initially passed its Protocol on Shared Watercourses in the Southern African Development Community on 28th August 1995, which was revised on 7th August 2000.

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    • Revised Protocol Shared Watercourses (French)

      Date Signed: 2000-01-01

      Type: Documents & Publications, Protocols

      Themes: Themes, Infrastructure, Water & Sanitation, Natural Resources, Water


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    • Protocol on Health (1999)

      Entry Into Force: 2004-08-18

      Date Signed: 1999-08-18

      Type: Protocols

      Issues: HIV & AIDS

      Themes: Disaster Risk Management, Health, Pharmaceuticals, Communicable Diseases, Non-communicable Diseases, Social & Human Development


      A healthy population is a pre–requisite for the sustainable human development and increased productivity in a country. SADC recognises that close co-operation in the area of health is essential for the effective control of communicable and non-communicable diseases for addressing common concerns within the region.

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    • Protocol on Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement (1999)

      Entry Into Force: 2003-11-30

      Date Signed: 1999-08-14

      Type: Protocols

      Themes: Agriculture & Food Security, Transfrontier Conservation Areas, Wildlife


      Wildlife resources in Southern Africa have the potential to affect the region’s economic development and environmental protection – two primary concerns of SADC. Therefore, SADC passed its Protocol on Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement on 18th August 1999 to establish a common framework for conservation and sustainable use of wildlife in the region.

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    • Protocol on Mining (1997)

      Entry Into Force: 2000-02-10

      Date Signed: 1997-09-08

      Type: Protocols

      Themes: Economic Development, Trade in Goods, Industry, Private Sector, Social & Human Development, Employment & Labour


      Mining plays a significant role in the development process of SADC by creating wealth and employment and a market for other industries such as manufacturing and services. Mining activities have also resulted in the development of physical infrastructure, such as communication, energy and water.

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    • Protocol on Education & Training (1997)

      Entry Into Force: 2000-07-31

      Date Signed: 1997-09-08

      Type: Protocols

      Themes: Social & Human Development, Education & Skills Development


      Member States acknowledge that whilst each Member State has its own policies for education and training and whilst cooperation and mutual assistance in education is desirable, this can be facilitated more effectively by the development of harmonised and eventually standardised policies regarding education and training.

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    • Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology (1996)

      Entry Into Force: 1998-07-01

      Date Signed: 1996-08-24

      Type: Protocols

      Issues: Science & Technology, Information & Communication

      Themes: Infrastructure, Meteorology, ICT & Telecommunications, Transport, Maritime, Ports & Inland Waterways, Meteorology & Climate, Meteorology


      Effective transport, communications, and meteorology systems are prerequisites for economic growth and improved quality of life – the primary goals of SADC. Recognising that closer integration of these sectors offers benefit to the region, SADC passed the Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology on 24th August 1996.

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