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    Protocol on Facilitation of Movement of Persons (2005)

    The SADC Protocol on Facilitation of the Movement of Persons of 2005 seeks to fulfill the objectives of the SADC Treaty, which require SADC to develop policies aimed at the progressive elimination of obstacles to the free movement of capital and labour, goods and services and of the people of the region generally amongst Member States.

    In pursuance of this objective and eager to support, assist and promote the efforts of the African Union which is encouraging free movement of persons in African Regional Economic Communities as a stepping stone towards free movement of persons in an eventual African Economic Communities, SADC , developed the Protocol on Facilitation of the Movement of Persons to facilitate entry, with lawful purpose, without visa into another Member State for a maximum of 90 days, permanent and temporary residence in the territory of another state and establishing oneself and working in the territory of another State. The exact meanings of residence, permits and establishment are provided within the Protocol.

    The Protocol also clearly states the phases of implementation and touches on issues of harmonisation of State laws and immigration practices.