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    • Declaration on Gender & Development (1997)

      Date Signed: 1997-09-08

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Issues: Issues, Gender


      Gender equality is a fundamental human right. While the Member States of SADC aim to raise the status of women to that of men, a disparity remains throughout Southern Africa in terms of legal rights, power sharing and decision-making, and access to productive resources and education. Therefore, SADC signed the Declaration on Gender and Development on 8th September 1997 to promote closer regional cooperation and collective action as a means of fostering gender equality.

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    • Declaration Towards a Southern Africa Free of Anti-Personnel Landmines (1997)

      Date Signed: 1997-09-08

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations


      On 8th September 1997, SADC Member States signed the declaration Towards a Southern Africa Free of Anti-Personnel Landmines, officially acknowledging the devastating effect that antipersonnel landmines have had on the region.

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    • Declaration on Refugee Protection within Southern Africa (1998)

      Date Signed: 1998-01-01

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Themes: Politics, Defence & Security, Public Security


      The SADC region has long hosted a large number of refugees from within the region and from other geographical areas. While SADC welcomes legitimate seekers of asylum, it also recognises that refugees are a symptom of economic and social imbalances. In line with their commitment to uphold universal human rights, SADC passed its Declaration on Refugee Protection, calling for the harmonisation of Member States’ national policies, laws, and procedures for refugees.

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    • Declaration on Productivity (1999)

      Date Signed: 1999-08-18

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Themes: Economic Development


      As economic cooperation among Member States is central to SADC’s mission, the low levels of productivity throughout the region are disconcerting. Poor economic growth, investment, and employment can have negative impacts on a region’s social and economic development. In order to increase productivity in the region, SADC passed its Declaration on Productivity in the Southern African Development Community on 18th August 1999.

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    • Declaration concerning Firearms, Ammunition and other related materials (2001)

      Date Signed: 2001-03-09

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Themes: Politics, Defence & Security, State Security, Public Security


      Recognising the negative impacts that illicit manufacture, use, trafficking, and stockpiling of firearms and ammunition have on a population, SADC Member States signed the Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in the Southern African Development Community.

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    • Declaration on Information and Communication Technology (2001)

      Date Signed: 2001-08-14

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Issues: Science & Technology, Information & Communication

      Themes: Infrastructure, ICT & Telecommunications, Science, Technology & Innovation


      SADC recognises the instrumental role of information and communications technology (ICT) in modern society, particularly in developing an economy. Therefore, in order to promote sustainable socioeconomic development of the region, SADC passed the Declaration on Information and Communications Technology on 14th August 2001.

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    • Declaration on Terrorism (2002)

      Date Signed: 2002-01-14

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Themes: Politics, Defence & Security, State Security


      Following acts of terrorism in the region, the African continent, and the wider world, SADC remains concerned about threats to the social and economic development and security of its Member States. Therefore, it passed its Declaration on Terrorism on 14th January 2002 as a formal statement of intent to eliminate terrorism and to foster security within the region and the world at large.

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    • Maseru Declaration on the fight against HIV and AIDS (2003)

      Date Signed: 2003-07-04

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Issues: HIV & AIDS

      Themes: Health, Communicable Diseases


      Eradicating HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa is a cornerstone objective of SADC. HIV and AIDS affect more people in Sub-Saharan Africa – especially the SADC region – than anywhere else, posing the greatest threat to sustainable development of the region.

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    • Declaration on Agriculture & Food Security (2004)

      Date Signed: 2004-05-15

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations

      Themes: Agriculture & Food Security, Food Security, Crop Production, Livestock Production, Fisheries, Agricultural Information


      Agriculture and food security contribute to a region’s quality of life, making them top priorities for SADC. The Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in the SADC Region sets out SADC Member States’ commitment to enhancing agriculture as a means of improving access to food for people in the region.

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    • Windhoek Declaration on SADC and International Cooperating Partners (2006)

      Date Signed: 2006-04-27

      Type: Documents & Publications, Declarations


      Due to changes in both regional and global agendas since SADC’s inception, by 2006 both SADC and its International Cooperating Partners desired a stronger and more effective partnership. Therefore, on 27th April 2006, SADC passed its Windhoek Declaration, formally establishing a New Partnership between SADC and the international bodies providing aid to the region.

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