About 16% of Madagascar is covered in forest. The annual deforestation rate declined from 0.83% between 1990 and 2000 to 0.53% between 2000 and 2005. Drivers and underlying of deforestation and forest degradation are various and include agriculture, mining, energy, forestry and livestock. Madagascar has identified REDD+ as an opportunity to renew the fight against deforestation and to attract new sources of finance for the development of the country.
Madagascar has started its REDD Readiness Preparation Programme in early 2010 when it submitted the proposal informally to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). After this a comprehensive review took place during which stakeholder consultations and a national validation workshop. The Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) is the roadmap for Madagascar and reflects the country’s commitment over several years. It was presented informally to the FCPF in October 2010.
The Office National pour l’Environment (ONE) is in charge of environmental monitoring and manages the national environmental information system, whereas the Directorate for Environment, Water and Forests (DGEEF) supervises forestry and forest conservation. The Ministère de l’Environment, des Eaux et Forêts et de Tourisme (MEEFT), which also reports to the FAO,. is responsible for forest inventories and forest statistics.
Implementation is scheduled to take place in two phases, based on the principles of a national approach, results-based incentives, transparency, optimization of existing structures and efficiency and equity. During the first one a preliminary vision of the framework will be created. The second phase comprises an institutional governance framework, including:
- inter-sectoral coordination and resolution of potential conflicts
- sharing of responsibilities
- evaluation studies on the need for institutional and legal reforms.
It is expected that Madagascar will be ready for implementation of a REDD+ mechanism once the three-year REDD readiness preparation proposal has been completed.?